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Article Posted by: Source: Xunyiwenyao net collections this despite repeated calls to reduce the infant should sleep supine risk of death, but many parents still let the baby sleep prone.
In the study found that infants sleep prone may lead to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), the American Academy of Pediatrics since 1994, a "return to sleep" campaign.
Two years before the campaign began, the National SIDS mortality rate decreased by 38 percentage points, the prone sleeping position decreased the number of infants. However, according to published Wednesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association's report, in 1998 one in five children are still prone to sleep.
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development SIDS expert Marian Willinger pointed out that more and more people take supine sleep method, but not achieve the desired goals.
Against this view that the effect of the baby to sleep better prone sleeping position, and if supine sleep method may lead to choking or suffocation.
The latest data show that in 1998 the number of SIDS deaths fell from 2,705 to 2,529 people. Related Views: issues related to information-related diseases more read this article also read the users? Comprehensive vision care computer owners. See all kinds of office fully. "Shuangxiu syndrome" is psychological. Condiment baby can eat it? Babies can drink fresh milk? Citrus "accompany" sleep delay. Sedative to promote sleep may wish to try. Should have the baby constipation 4.
dreamen Posted at 2008-4-10 17:44
Smoking and sudden infant death syndrome, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is sudden infant death during sleep, while conventional autopsies could not find the obvious cause of death, the rate was 0.4 ‰ ~ 0.7 ‰. SIDS usually occurs within 9 months after birth, newborns, low birth weight, premature delivery and birth complications are the risk factors.
Smoking is an important risk factor for SIDS
Many recent studies have shown that smoking is an important risk factor for SIDS.
UK survey shows that the UK normal population rates of smoking pregnant women declined from 30% to 20%, but the occurrence of SIDS, smoking rates in pregnant women up to 80%. The risk of SIDS occurs in families with smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke increases the time.
Denmark, a large-scale survey confirmed that 30% to 40% of the sudden death of infants and their mothers during pregnancy, smoking, smoking during pregnancy gave birth to infants of women the risk of sudden death than over non-smoking women is 3 times higher babies.
Included a comparative study of 34 patients confirmed that intrauterine exposure to tobacco increased SIDS risk of 2 to 3 times the risk, after adjustment for low birth weight, alcoholism, drug addiction and socio-economic and other factors, the association still exists. Another study showed that post-natal passive smoking is also strongly associated with SIDS, and its risk increases with exposure time.
Smoking may be mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of SIDS
Current smoking may be involved in the pathogenesis of SIDS is still very limited mechanism. Pasteur Institute in France, a 2002 study, SIDS may be related to nicotine on fetal brain cells participate in generating breathing reflex interference. Neonatal exposure to smoking during pregnancy there is impaired awareness, and the respiratory system, abnormal response to hypoxia.
Some of smoking pregnant women in preterm children, and found that the abnormal airway compliance, resulting in a respiratory tract infection worse when the tolerance, which the parents of newborns of smoking is particularly common. Some scholars have found that, SIDS infants 5 - abnormal serotonin system, although it is not clear whether this genetic mutation or intrauterine exposure to tobacco-related.
One for 1 year after birth, stillbirth and premature infants within the study found that tobacco exposure during pregnancy and neonatal brain stem tryptophan hydroxylase locus coeruleus (the key enzyme of catecholamine formation) activity related. Therefore, the neurotransmitter norepinephrine decreased activity may be used to explain the occurrence of SIDS.
Another animal study found that smoking during pregnancy the brainstem of neonatal rats exposed to -aminobutyric acid (GABA) lack of biphasic response, which may explain the reasons for sudden death. Clinically observed in the SIDS infants dying before the terminal bradycardia also support that view. It was also found in the arcuate nucleus of SIDS infants structural abnormalities, which is an important control center of heart and lung function.
In summary, tobacco exposure before and after birth through physiological mechanisms and anatomical changes in the structure of the fetus and infant of an impact. The whole society to be wary of pregnant women and infants after exposure to the potential dangers of tobacco, and strive to create harmony for its smoke-free environment.
mengjiling Posted at 2008-4-24 22:00
Reply # 1 dreamen posts know that smoking is indeed a million no good benefits, hope that the Chinese people do not smoke, tobacco production can be sold to foreigners.
lion00 Posted at 2008-5-12 14:15
Re: smoking and sudden infant death syndrome, the old social evil, evil butts
chaos7020 Posted at 2008-5-28 00:31
Re: smoking and sudden infant death syndrome for the first time I heard, long exposure ~
Really good here, we can learn a lot of books not learn something ~!
shushanbowen Posted at 2008-6-10 15:26
Re: Thank you, smoking and sudden infant death syndrome, providing wonderful landlord! ! !